Portland-State-University 2023-2024 Bulletin

Intl 366U Cyberwar & Espionage

Examination of the use of cyberwarfare and espionage in International Affairs as well as the ethical issues entailed by these activities, and how these may be viewed differently by states, organizations and individuals. Also examines the theoretical foundations that underpin foreign policy debates related to cyberconflict and spying.


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